Battle of Crampton’s Gap September 14, 1862 Burkittsville Tour (starting from the east)
Hamilton Willard Shafer farm was built circa 1840. Is was owned by Dr. J.D. Garrott in 1858 based on the data in the Isaac Bond maps of Frederick County 1858. The property was sold to Martin Shafer, uncle to Hamilton Willard Shafer, prior to the Civil War. Gen Wm. B. Franklin used the property as his headquarters Sept. 14 1862. Gen. Franklin could view the Town of Burkittsville and Crampton’s Gap from this vantage point.
Ortho Harley house Ca. 1845 (Distillery Lane Ciderworks) was used by advancing Union forces entering the Town of Burkittsville. Ortho Harley was the son of one of the founders of Burkittsville, Joshua Harley. Gun emplacements on the farm were used to return fire from confederate cannon on the mountain. Ortho Harley told Union forces to stay off of his front lawn that Sunday morning, apparently not knowing what was about to happen.
The Dr. John E Garrott house, circa 1840. Dr. Garrott was a local physician who offered his services to Army Surgeon Alfred Castleman. The porch, cross gable, and projecting bay were probably post-war alterations.
The Resurrection Reformed Church or the German Reformed Church was built in 1829. After the battle, the church was requisitioned by the Union Army to serve as Hospital "D" until January 31, 1863. A 1907 claim of $1,200 for the church's use was denied by the government when evidence of an August, 1863 payment of $351.50 was presented. The current exterior with the Victorian belfry dates to 1896. The Resurrection Reformed Church closed in 1979 and the building today houses the South Mountain Heritage Society.
Harley’s Post Office and General Store was built in 1820 by Joshua Harley, one of the founders of Burkittsville. The General store was owned by Manassas J. Grove in 1862 and was used by troops of both sides during the occupation of Burkittsville. The Horine family owned and operated the store for over 100 years. Today, and for the last 20 years, the store has been operated in its 1860 appearance by P.J. Gilligan and is Maryland's oldest continuously operating mercantile establishment.
The David Arnold farm was established in 1789. It was the home of Burkittsville's founder, Revolutionary War veteran Captain Joshua Harley. David Arnold operated the farm in 1862 where much of the fighting of the Federal left wing took place. The house had a smaller footprint at that time and it was expanded to its present size in 1873. Stories exist of the Arnold women baking pies for Confederates staying in the house and later, Union sharpshooters firing from the barn on the Confederates up the hill. The Vermont 4nd and 2th marched on the south side of the road heading up to Crampton’s Gap.
The New Jersey 2nd and 4th Regiments moved on the north side of the road (on the right in the photograph) which was part of the Arnold farm in 1862. Sarah Margaret Arnold was born on the Arnold farm in 1858. Her mother told the 5 year old “Margaret” to sit in the Spring House and eat her bread and ham and wait until the soldiers passed. The white washed stone spring house still sits by the side of the road today. Margaret married Hamilton Willard Shafer and moved to the Shafer farm one mile away.
The Isaac Bond Map of 1858 showing the existing buildings and ownership of the properties. Note that St. Paul’s Lutheran Church, which was built in 1859, is not shown.